The variety produced by honey bees,
the genus Apis, is the one commonly referred to, as it is the type of honey collected by a lot of beekeepers and consumed by people.
Honeys are also produced by bumblebees, stingless bees, and other hymenopteran insects such as honey wasps, though the quantity is generally lower and they have slightly different properties compared to honey from the genus Apis. Honey bees convert nectar into honey by a process of regurgitation and evaporation. They store it as a primary food source in wax honeycombs inside the beehive.
Honey gets its sweetness from the monosaccharides fructose and glucose, and has about the same relative sweetness as granulated sugar. It has attractive chemical properties for baking and a distinctive flavor that leads some people to prefer it over sugar and other sweeteners. Honey sometimes contains dormant endospores of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which can be dangerous to infants, as the endospores can transform into toxin-producing bacteria in infants' immature intestinal tracts, leading to illness and even death. Honey has had a long history in human consumption, and is used in various foods and beverages as a sweetener and flavoring. It also has a role in religion and symbolism. Flavors of honey vary based on the nectar source, and various types and grades of honey are available. It has also been used in various medicinal traditions to treat ailments. The study of pollens and spores in honey can determine floral sources of honey. Bees carry an electrostatic charge whereby they attract other particles in addition to pollen, which become incorporated into their honey; honey can be analysed by the technique of melissopalynology, in the area of environmental studies of radioactive particles, dust, and particulate pollution.
Normally, due to their handwritten origins, script typefaces are sloped. This makes an upright script something of an oddity. Yet there is something about Enfantine that makes it welcoming and familiar rather than off-putting and strange. Perhaps it’s the memory of learning how to write; some of Jean-Baptiste Levée’s references were cursive educational models from Holland and France. Or maybe it’s the relationship to youthful brands; like the Nathan imprint’s books for children for which Enfantine was originally designed; or Catimini, a classic kids’ clothing label and Albert Boton’s Pam-Pam typeface that inspired its logo.
Whatever association they conjure, these simple, monolinear shapes are undeniably appealing, with gentle loops and letter connections that work at several levels (top, middle, and bottom). In bringing this style to a digital font, however, Levée did not lean too heavily on quaint references or fancy tricks. His goal was a useful, modern typeface that can operate in a range of contexts. Typographic features (mastered by Ben Kiel) allow variety, even spacing, and smooth connections, but they don’t draw attention to themselves like a swashy script; they only serve the modest and easy flow of the design.
With its plain lines, unassuming disposition, and clean, roman sans serif uppercase, Enfantine is charmed by the past, but doesn’t live in it. The family has three weights, plus Baby, a bold style with soft ends.
Note: the live font samples displayed on this website are different from the retail fonts. They do not make use of OpenType features, alternate glyphs or extended character set.
Awards & distinctions
Typefacts Best of 2015
Design: Jean-Baptiste Levée. Team: Yohanna My Nguyen, Loïc Sander, Yoann Minet, Ben Kiel.